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Wednesday, 21 March 2012

Authenticity on Hadith: "Paradise is under the feet of the Mothers"

Q;assalamu alaikum wa rahamatullaahi wa barakatuhu...
my respected brother i need your help... i am in a great need of a reference where a hadith is classified as fabricated... "jannat lies under the feet of mother"...
please provide authentic reference.. may Allaah reward your effort...

A;All-Praise is due to Allah,
Some Scholars graded this Hadith as Mowdou'ah (Fabricated) such as Al-Albaani in his book As-Sailsalat Ad-Da'eefah: 593, and Adh-Dhahabi states in his book Mizaan Al-A'tidaal: 4/220 that in some narrations this Hadith has a person Moosa Bin Muhammad Ad-Dimyaati in the chain narration that is weak.

The hadith with this wording is da'if, but its meaning is contained in the hadith of Ibn Majah and al-Nasa'i that a man came to the Prophet (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) and said, "O Messenger of Allah! I intend to go on a (military) expedition, but I have come to ask your advice." He said, "Is your mother alive?" He said, "Yes." He said, "Then stay with her, for the Garden is under her feet." This latter hadith is declared to be sahih by al-Hakim, al-Dhahabi and al-Mundhiri. --Kashf al-Khafa', no. 1078; Al-Da'ifah, no. 593.

Also some Scholars of Hadith graded it Hassan as As-Suyutti in his book Aj-Jaami'a As-Saghir: 3642, Az-Zarqaani states in his book Mukhtasar Al-Muqaasid: 348, this Hadith is Sahih, and few others aslso graded it Sahih too.

In conclusion a few Scholars have stated this Hadith as being beyond Da'eef but rather Fabricated, thus they have mentioned about two people being weak narrators amongst the chain narration of this Hadith but as for the meaning and it's virtues are correct because there are many things in the Quran and Sunnah to prove this as followed:

In Hadith Al-Bukhaari it was Narrated Abu Huraira, A man came to Allah's Apostle and said, "O Allah's Apostle! Who is more entitled to be treated with the best companionship by me?" The Prophet said, "Your mother." The man said. "Who is next?" The Prophet said, "Your mother." The man further said, "Who is next?" The Prophet said, "Your mother." The man asked for the fourth time, "Who is next?" The Prophet said, "Your father."

Narrated 'Abdulla bin 'Abi Qatada, "My father said, "The Prophet said, 'When I stand for prayer, I intend to prolong it but on hearing the cries of a child, I cut it short, as I dislike to trouble the child's mother.' " ( Related by Al-Bukhaari)

Also in Hadith Bukhari, Narrated Al-Mughira bin Shu'ba,
The Prophet said, "Allah has forbidden for you, (1) to be undutiful to your mothers*, (2) to bury your daughters alive, (3) to not to pay the rights of the others (e.g. charity, etc.) and (4) to beg of men (begging). And Allah has hated for you (1) vain, useless talk, or that you talk too much about others, (2) to ask too many questions, (in disputed religious matters) and (3) to waste the wealth (by extravagance).

This and many more evidences are there to support this meaning of the Hadith that you mention.

And Allah knows best...

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