Q; Bro does Blood break wud'o. (ablution)?
A; All-Praise is due to Allah,
The issue of blood invalidating ones Wudoo, is a matter of difference of opinion amongst the Scholars of Fiqh. The people who went against the Majority were the Hanifi's, and their opinion was that blood nullifies the Wudoo. Their evidence to this is that Vomit nullifies Wudoo so they made analogy based of this, and related it to the Hadith of of the Prophet (peace be upon him) Narrated Abu’l-Darda’ (may Allaah be pleased with him): “The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) vomited, then did wudoo’.” They drew an analogy between vomit and blood, because both are naajis (impure) when they come out of the body.
This hadeeth was narrated by Ahmad (4/449), Abu Dawood (2981) and al-Tirmidhi (87), who said: “More than one of the scholars among the Companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and others among the Taabi’een thought that wudoo’ should be done after vomiting or having a nosebleed. This is the opinion of Sufyaan al-Thawri, Ibn al-Mubaarak, Ahmad and Ishaaq. Some scholars said that wudoo’ is not necessary after vomiting or having a nosebleed. This is the opinion of Maalik and al-Shaafa’i.” This was also narrated as being the opinion of Ahmad. Al-Baghawi said: It is the opinion of most of the Sahaabah and Taabi’een.”
But in regards to this Hadith some Scholars have said its a weak Hadith (Daa'ef) and this was state by Shiekh Ibn U'thaymeen in His book Sharih Al-Mumta' 1/273, Most of the people of knowledge have graded this Hadith as weak (Daa'ef) Ashawkani in his book Neel Al-Awtaar 1/235 he said, There are allot differences of opinion on this Hadith.
Adh-Dhahabi said in in his book of Tanqeeh Al-Tahqeeq 1/66,
There is in it (The Chain narration) U'tab Bin As-Sakin, and he is Matrook (abandoned).
Sheikh Muhammed Saalih Al-Munajid said, The most correct view is that bleeding does not break one’s wudoo’, although it is preferable (mustahabb) to make wudoo’ after bleeding. The evidence for this is as follows:
Wudoo’ is considered to be valid until there is proof that something breaks it. There is no proof narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) that bleeding breaks wudoo’, hence Imaam al-Nawawi (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, “There is no proof whatsoever that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) made it obligatory to do wudoo’ because of that (bleeding).” Shaykh Ibn Sa’di (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, the correct opinion is that bleeding and vomiting, etc., do not break wudoo’, whether they are large or small in volume, because there is no evidence to proof that they break wudoo’, and the guiding principle is that wudoo’ remains valid.
One cannot draw an analogy between blood and anything else, because the reasons behind them are not the same.
The idea that bleeding breaks wudoo’ is contrary to what was reported from the salaf (early generations), for example, ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him) continued to pray although his wound was pouring with blood. Al-Hasan al-Basri (may Allaah have mercy on him) said, “The Muslims continue to pray even when they are wounded.”
The fact that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did wudoo’ after he vomited does not indicate that it is obligatory to do so, because the rules of fiqh say that the mere fact that he did something, unless it was accompanied by a command to do it, does not make it obligatory. All that this proves is that it is good to follow the example of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in this instance. Hence Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyah (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: “Doing wudoo’ after cupping and vomiting is mustahabb and is good.” End of qote. (see Islam Q&A Fatwa: 2570)
It is mentioned that Jabir stated that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, was in the Dhat ar-Riqa' expedition and a man was shot with an arrow and he bled profusely but he bowed, prostrated and continued his prayer.
This is the case as mentioned above as being the opinions of some Companions and Taabee'n and they recorded similar statements as followed-
Al-Hasan said, "The Muslims used to continue to pray when they were wounded."
Tawus, Muhammad ibn 'Ali, 'Ata' and the people of the Hijaz said, "Wudu' is not done on account of bleeding."
Ibn 'Umar squeezed one of his pimples and blood came out of it but he did not do wudu'.
Ibn Abi Awfa spat out blood and continued his prayer.
Ibn 'Umar and al-Hasan said that a person who has been bled only has to wash the place of the incision.
To sum up the above: It is mustahabb (preferable 'Sunnah' not Waajib) for the one that is bleeding in 'excessive amounts' not small amounts to make Wudoo, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to Faatimah bint Abi Hubaysh in regards to istihaadah (non-menstrual vaginal bleeding): “Then do wudoo’ for every prayer.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari in the chapter on washing away blood. But there is no harm in one not repeating their Wudoo and this is because the lak of evidence to suport this matter...
The Scholars differed in regards to the nullifiers of Wudoo with allot of deep explanations that they went into. To save confusion here is a list of what Nullifies Wudoo and these are clear and basic from the Sunnah-
The things that break wudoo’ are:
1 – Any discharge from the front or back passage (urine, stools, wind, etc.), except for wind emitted from a woman’s front passage (Vagina) – that does not break wudoo’.
Abu Hurayra was heard to say that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "A prayer of someone in hadath is not accepted until he renewes wudu'." A man from Hadramaut asked, "What is hadath, Abu Hurayra?" He said, "Breaking wind silently or with a noise."
Sahih Bukhari no: 135.
2 – Emission of urine or stools from anywhere other than the urethra or anus. Jareer bin Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with him) said, I saw the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) urinate and then made Wuduu and wiped on his socks." (Sahih Bukhari no: 502)
3 – Losing one’s mind, which may mean losing it altogether by losing one’s mental faculties, which is insanity, or by losing it temporarily for a certain length of time for some reason such as sleep, unconsciousness, intoxication, etc.
4 – Touching one’s penis, because of the hadeeth of Basrah bint Safwaan, who heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: “Whoever touches his penis, let him do wudoo’.” (narrated by Abu Dawood, al-Tahaarah, 154. al-Albaani said in Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood, no. 166, it is saheeh).
5 – Eating camel meat, because of the hadeeth of Jaabir ibn Samurah, who said that a man asked the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “Should we do wudoo’ after eating camel meat?” He said, “Yes.” (Narrated by Muslim, al-Hayd, 539).
It should be noted that touching a woman’s body does not break one’s wudoo’, whether that is done with feelings of desire or otherwise, unless anything is emitted as a result of that touching.
See al-Sharh al-Mumti’ by Ibn ‘Uthaymeen, vol. 1, p. 219-250
Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, vol. 5, p. 264.
And Allah knows best.....