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Sunday, 22 April 2012

Catching up to the Prayer

Q;Assalaamu alaikum, what is the ruling if the time of salah expires after one has initiated the prayer, but not yet completed it? Can you explain this issue further from a hanbali perspective? Jazaakallaahu khairan A;All-Praise is due to Allah, The fuqaha’ are unanimously agreed that the one who catches up with a rak’ah of prayer before the time for it ends has caught up with the prayer in time, but they differed concerning one who catches up with less than a rak’ah – has he caught up with the prayer in time or not? A number of them were of the view that he has caught up with the prayer in time if he says the opening takbeer (before the time for the prayer ends). So if he says the opening takbeer before the time for the prayer ends, then he has caught up with the prayer in time. This is the view of the Hanafis and Hanbalis. It was stated in Al-Mujalah fi Fuqah Al-Hanbili p:103: The one that catches up to the Prayer in its final duration: One can grasp this time by the Takbeerat Al-Ihraam (opening takbeer) , if he enters the Prayer in its prescribed time, even if it is in the final duration of the Prayer of the one that has joined Prayers (as a traveler) evidently as it was in the hadith that : “If one grasps the prostration in Prayer (they have entered the Prayer).” Thus the prostration is a fraction of the Prayer, which entails that catching up to the Prayer is obtained by a fraction of the Prayer. End of quote. Just remember that delaying the time of Prayer is considered a major sin: Ibn Hazm (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: We have narrated from ‘Umar ibn al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him), Mu’aadh ibn Jabal, Ibn Mas’ood, a number of the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them), and from Ibn al-Mubaarak, Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Ishaaq ibn Raahawayh (may Allaah have mercy on them)and from other Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them),a total of seventeen, that the one who deliberately and knowingly does not offer an obligatory prayer until the time for it has ended becomes a kaafir and apostate. This is the view of ‘Abd-Allaah ibn al-Maajishoon, the companion of Maalik, and of ‘Abd al-Malik ibn Habeeb al-Andaloosi and others. End quote from al-Fasl fi’l-Milal wa’l-Ahwa’ wa’l-Nihal (3/128). And he (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: It was narrated from ‘Umar, ‘Abd al-Rahmaan ibn ‘Awf, Mu’aadh ibn Jabal, Abu Hurayrah and others among the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) that the one who deliberately does not offer an obligatory prayer once, until the time for it has ended, is a kaafir and an apostate. End quote from al-Muhalla (2/15). And Allah knows best….

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